Gulf War (1990 – 1991)
The Gulf War evolved out of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990. When economic sanctions failed to resolve tensions, a United Nations-sanctioned coalition of forces from 35 countries (including United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom and Egypt) was formed to condemn the invasion and fight to end the occupation of Kuwait. The coalition succeeded in liberating Kuwait (under the UN Security Council’s Resolution #678) during 1991’s Operation Desert Storm. Of the nearly one million coalition troops took part in the military conflict, 300 were killed in action.