Korean War (1950-1953)
The Korean War arose out of territorial disputes between North Korea and South Korea, whereby China and the Soviet Union came to the aid of the former and the Unites States, sanctioned by the United Nations, to the latter. The conflict, which lasted just over three years, was fought chiefly upon the Korean Peninsula. During the war, the city of Seoul was volleyed between North Korea and South Korea a total of four times. Ultimately, a stalemate was declared, and an agreement forged to keep the two warring countries separated by a Demilitarized Zone (which exists to this day). Often referred to as “The Forgotten War,” the Korean War claimed the lives of nearly one million soldiers and an estimated 2.5 million civilians.